MILITARY

Gillespies have served in many wars, with records in this library as early as the 1600s in Ireland. The first Canadian military record on file is for September 1759 for a Gillespie military leader on the Plains of Abraham in Quebec City and the struggle between the French and British for control of Canada. His roots have been researched to Renfew County in Ontario where his family later settled. Another Scottish Gillespie soldier, in the same battle in Quebec, had  arrived from Fort George, near Inverness, Scotland. His family history is recorded on this website.

In 2014, I stood  in Westminister Cathedral in London, England looking down at the grave of the British leader of that great battle in Quebec, General James Wolfe (1727-59) which determined Canada’s future British roots instead of French ones, in awe of the history that is remembered on these pages.

Click on the links below to find Gillespie records in military conflicts around the world,  beginning with periods of time long ago then moving closer to today.

Ireland Early Military Records

 

Officers of the Bengal Army, INDIA, 1754-1834

Loyalists & British Soldiers: 1772 – 1784

THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION -1775 to 1783 

 

Loyalist and British Soldiers, 1772-1784 

 

The NAPOLEONIC WARS, 1803-1815

The Battle of Trafalgar – 1805

A unique insight into Horatio Nelson & his doctor

Dr Leonard Gillespie

Diplomatic relations between Britain and France had deteriorated and were now brought to crisis point over Britain’s refusal to evacuate Malta and Napoleon’s unwillingness to withdraw troops from the Netherlands, Switzerland and Piedmont, conditions both countries had agreed upon when signing the Treaty of Amiens. Britain declared war on France on 16 May 1803. Nelson joined his ship HMS Victory at Portsmouth on 18 May 1803. Dr Gillespie joined him aboard in 1805. 

 

THE WAR OF 1812

 

British Army Pensioners Abroad, 1772-1899

Upper Canada Militia – 1828, 1829

The India Mutiny 1857-1859

 

AMERICAN CIVIL WAR 1861-1865 

 

Civil War Gillespie Leaders

Lee Surrender

The India Mutiny 1857-1859

 

North West Mounted Police, Canada, 1873-1904 

THE BOER WAR, Africa

1899-1902 

See photo of a British mule train straining up a hill. My Uncle, James Gillespie, my Dad’s brother from the Ottawa area of Canada, served in that war in Africa. He came home  in 1901, married a local girl from Hazaldean, became a fireman, and lived to be into his 90s.

Navy Seaman, United Kingdom, 1835-1941

British Army Service Records 1760-1915

WORLD WAR I: 1914-1918

232 Gillespie war dead are remembered in Commonwealth War Graves Commission for World War I.

    Photo of men in the trenches

My Grampa, my Dad’s father, John Gillespie married a widow in 1900 in Billings Bridge, Ontario near Ottawa. One of her sons, Ernest Davis, from her first marriage, enlisted in Saskatchewan, went overseas in 1916 and died in 1918 age 24 in the Somme area of France.   I just found his grave.

My Dad moved to the States to operate an ammunitions plant during the war, and I have a copy of his passport and special military identification.  Sam Gillespie was by then in the prime of his life, in his early forties (b 1875),  married for the second time in 1918, and the couple lived in both Ohio and Pennsylvania. After a serious accident, my Dad returned to Toronto, where he lived out the rest of his life. I didn’t appear until his forth and last marriage when he was in his late 60s, and my mother 30.

Photo of Omaha Beach

I have interviewed and filmed a World War II vet and his wife in Duncan, Grey County, Ontario Canada. It took two visits to get him to open up a bit about his arrival as a medic in France a week after D-Day, and some of the terrible things he endured. Immediately after a conflict, he helped carry the bodies of injured men on stretchers back to a makeshift hospital set up in various areas. The medics following the soldiers who were moving along dangerous roads lined with thick hedges that sometimes hid the enemy.

His wife he would meet later when he came home after the war ended. She was working in a factory in Toronto making Brenn Guns. They have been married over 60 years, still living independently on their farm, a marvelous testimony of love and faithfulness through the hardest of times. Sadly she has died since I first penned these words, but I enjoyed a final chat with her at the yearly Remembrance Day Service not that long ago.  Their story can be found on film at the Craighurst Museum near Collingwood. She told me they would harness the horse and buggy to ride into town  an hour away and had maybe $5.00 for all their shopping. They grew a big vegetable garden and raised their own meat, as nearly everyone did back then. It was a social outing they really enjoyed.

Not that long ago, since I was raised in a period when we did all our farming with horses. I was 12 when–after helping to hand milk the herd of Holsteins– I was given the big team and sent into the field to rake the drying hay. My feet couldn’t reach the floor from where I sat on that hard metal frame. I had to yank the chord as fast as possible to drop the grass from bunching up under the tines below my seat,  cause the horses ran off on me until stopped by the fence. They just wanted to go home. Dan and Molly. When we later brought the big loads of loose hay into the barn, I would be sent up into the mow to tramp it down as the men had fun forking the hay on me faster than I could move it into place. I sputtered and choked, and got mad, and they just laughed all the  harder.

That barn has fallen down now, the farm sold,  and the men of my childhood all gone.  Of those who went to the great wars from our village, their graves and military markers are overshadowed by the remaining towering evergreens that the guys of World War I planted before they left. It upsets me to see another of those trees cut down.

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 KOREAN WAR  1950 – 1953

When I was a student at a college in Alberta in my 20s, I lived off campus with a family that included a man who had been a seaman during the Korean Conflict. The little that he shared gave a glimpse into the stress, the fear, and strain of those dangerous times.

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VIETNAM WAR 1955-1975 

The Vietnam War caused the majority of my American classmates to come to a Canadian college in Alberta during the turmoil of the 1960s. I was in love with one of those American men, but after graduation,  he left for  military training while I drove overland across the Middle East with a group to live and work in India and Nepal far from the conflict. How many of my classmates died in Vietnam I have not been able to discover, but most were drafted as soon as they returned home. So this war was especially personal to me.

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CONFLICTS IN 20th & 21st CENTURIES

THE GULF WAR 

 

Operation Desert Storm

1990-1991

AFGHANISTAN: Operation Enduring Freedom

2001-2014

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Obituaries of Career Soldiers

Forces Reunited – British Soldiers’ Website. Forces War Records has over seven million individuals records and a ton of supplementary military data not found on any other sites.

MILITARY MIGHT JAN 2020

MILITARY MIGHT
ID COUNTRY POPULATION ACTIVE PERSONNEL RESERVE AIRCRAFT COMBAT TANKS NAVY ASSETS
1 USA 329,256,465 1,281,900 860,000 13,398 6,287 415
2 RUSSIA 142,122,776 1,013,628 2,572,500 4,078 21,932 352
3 CHINA 1,384,688,986 2,183,000 5,100,000 3,187 13,050 714
4 INDIA 1,296,834,042 1,362,500 2,100,000 2,082 4,184 295
5 FRANCE 67,364,357 205,000 183,635 1,248 406 110
6 JAPAN 126,168,156 247,157 56,000 1,572 1.004 131
7 SOUTH KOREA 51,418,097 625,000 5,202,250 1,614 2,654 166
8 UNITED KINGDOM 65,105,246 150,000 83,000 811 311 76
9 TURKEY 81,257,239 355,000 380,000 1,067 3,200 144
10 GERMANY 80,457,737 178,641 30,000 613 900 81
11 ITALY 62,246,674 175,000 182,000 831 200 143
12 EGYPT            
13 BRAZIL            
14 IRAN 83,024,745 523,000 350,000 509 1,634 398
15 INDONESIA            
16 ISRAEL 8,424,804 170,000 445,000 595 2,760 65
17              
21. CANADA 35,881,659 64,000 30,000 384 80 63
             
       

 

Image result for Genealogy Jokes

PUBLICATIONS:

Books:

History of the Forty-Seventh Infantry Regiment, by David E Gillespie, 1946.

Psychological Effects of War on Citizen and Soldier, by R. D. Gillespie, published London 1944.

Photos:

Photo:  Staff Sergeant Robert Gillespie showing off his socks and boots at an American Army Store in Britain (World War II)

Photo: The British Army in Malaysia – Private Alec Gillespie of the 1st Seaforth Highlanders holding a 2 inch mortar.

Photos: Sergeant Gillespie instructing soldiers of the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise’s) Regiment, in the use and care of rifles. (several photos of this soldier) World War II

Photos: London in Ceylon – 1944 of several soldiers enjoying fresh fruit, including  Leading Aircraftman P. Gillespie of Glasgow. Other photos in Ceylon.

Photo: A group of Partisans Special Operations Crete June 1, 1944 – Feb 28, 1945 including Cpl Steve Gillespie (front row standing second from right).

Photo: of Caribbean women being fitted out with their uniforms. Corporal Gillespie tries a cap on Emmie Greenhalgh, from Barbados the former personal secretary to Brigadier Stokes-Roberts, commanding officer for the South Caribbean area.

Photo: British Troops leave Luanda Port, Angola – general view of ten-vehicle British convoy leaving Luanda Port. They arrive at their destination, Keve (at Viana) to set up a transit camp. Interviews with several men including  Private Michael Gillespie (9th Supply Regiment),

Photo:  United States Eighth Air Force in Britain 1942-1945. A B-17 Flying Fortress of the 96th Bomb Group in flight with a fighter aircraft. Handwritten caption on reverse: ’11-4-44, 96 BG, Lt Gillespie.’

Other:

Postcards From A British POW Camp in Germany, 1916 – 1917 sent to Miss J E Gillespie at Woodford School, East Croydon during the period January 1916 – October 1917.

 

 

 

 

 

Website for Gillespie records world-wide