IRELAND: Pender’s Census 1659

Gillespies are not found in these records under that spelling of the name. However, there are : eight McGilaspie in County Antrim  and 8 McGillaspick in County Donegal, both listed as a principle name in each of two areas.

However, not every person  in Ireland was named eg. military records such as Captain Long’s company and their wives (34 individuals). Nonetheless it is significant in providing a major clue to the origins of Gillespies in Ireland.

Principal Residents and their population number: Note the spelling used are those from the records in the book.

COUNTRY ANTRIM  and Town of Carickfergus 5,389

Baronyes of Dunluce Carey & Kilconway: English 1138; Irish 2840. Total 4078 population.

  •  McGilaspie 08. Baronies of Dunluce, Carry and Kilconie which included the parishes of: Dunluce, Ballywillin, Dirikichan, Billy, Bellemone, Lighgeell, Kilraghties, Donache, Clogh and Killagane, and Kilage,Finboy, Roscharken, Calfachterny,  Romoan, Armoy and the Ila.

ARMAGH COUNTY & Borrough   6,748 inhabitants, (no Gillespie identified as a principle name)

COUNTY OF DONEGALL  12,001

  • McGillaspick 8 inhabitants. Barony of Boylagh & Banagh, which included Parishes of: Killamarde, Inver, Killagtie, Killaghtie, Killebeggs, Killcarr, Enishkiel, Templecron & Letter McAward and Ye Capitall of Letter McAward.

COUNTY DOWNE  15,183 (no Gillespie identified as a principle name).

FERMANAGH COUNTY       7,102

  • O’Mulligan 18 principle name (last name linked to my Gillespie roots)  (no Gillespie identified as a principle name). (no Gillespie identified as a principle name).

LONDONDERRY CITY AND COUNTY  9,734 (no Gillespie identified as a principle name).

COUNTY OF MONAGHAN  4,083 (no Gillespie identified as a principle name).

CLARE COUNTY  16,914  (no Gillespie identified as a principle name).

CORKE CITY AND LIBERTYES  4,826 (no Gillespie identified as a principle name).

CORKE COUNTY 62,032 (some record missing) (no Gillespie identified as a principle name).

COUNTY KERRY  8,390 (no Gillespie identified as a principle name).

LIMERICK CITY  3,805  (no Gillespie identified as a principle name).

LIMERICK COUNTY  21,872  (no Gillespie identified as a principle name).

COUNTY OF TIPPERARY  26, 648 (no Gillespie identified as a principle name).

WATERFORD COUNTY & CITIE  2,766  (no Gillespie identified as a principle name).

CATHERLAGH COUNTY & BOROUGH 2,418 (no Gillespie identified as a principle name).

DUBLIN CITY  8,780  (no Gillespie identified as a principle name).

DUBLIN COUNTY  17,047  (no Gillespie identified as a principle name).

KILDARE COUNTY  13, 825  (no Gillespie identified as a principle name).

KILKENNY COUNTY & CITTY  16,217  (no Gillespie identified as a principle name).

KINGS COUNTY 8, 310  (no Gillespie identified as a principle name).

LONGFORD COUNTY  5,392 (no Gillespie identified as a principle name)

  • Gill (12) a name married a Gillespie in my family history. Rathcleene Barony.  (no Gillespie identified as a principle name).

LOWTH COUNTY AND CITY OF DROHEDA  1,605  (no Gillespie identified as a principle name).

MEATH  ( total population not provided) (no Gillespie identified as a principle name).

QUEENES COUNTY   11,115  (no Gillespie identified as a principle name).

WESTMEATH COUNTY  12, 672  (no Gillespie identified as a principle name)

  • Mulligan 08 – linked to Gillespie by marriage in my family history.  Demifourne Barony.

WEXFORD COUNTY & TOWNE  13, 680 (no Gillespie identified as a principle name).

LEITRIM COUNTY  1,929  (no Gillespie identified as a principle name).

ROSCOMMON COUNTY & ATHLONE BORROUGH 12, 843  (no Gillespie identified as a principle name)

SLEGOE COUNTY   6,877  (no Gillespie identified as a principle name).


Source of Record: A Census of Ireland, Circa 1659 with Supplementary Material from the Poll Money Ordinances, edited by Semus Pender, MS, Lecturer in History,  University College, Cork. Published 1939. Book in print found in Toronto Reference Library, Toronto Ontario CANADA. Has both a name and location index.

In reading the introductory remark in this volume, here are some things of particular interest: “The classifications under the headings of English, Scottish and Irish is not trustworthy. e.g. No Scottish are enumerated in the county of Monaghan. No distinction is made between Irish and Welsh, there is evidence many Welsh settled in Ireland under the Tudor regime and under Cromwell’s regime. The Anglo Normans are classed as Irish in this census especially in Wexford.”

In Ulster the Scotch appear to have been widespread, with the exception of the county of Monaghan and the greater part of Antrim. Only Glenarm in Antrim is recognized as having Scottish presence, although there is a strong historical record of Scotch presence predominating in other parts of the county. Glenarm was populated by peoples of Hebridean stock who language was Gaelic, under the Lordship of the McDonnells, earls of Antrim.

Among the baronies, Sligo boasts no English within its borders.

The Poll Money Ordinance of 1660to raise money towards the supply of the Army. Each person over the age of 15 years of either sex, whether yeoman, farmer or farmer’s wife, shall pay 12 pence.  Every other person of either sex above the age of 15 years, under the degree of a Gentleman or Gentlewoman shall pay two shillings.  Every other person of either sex above 15 years of age under the degree of Esquire or Esquir’es wife or widow shall pay four shillings.  That every other person of either sex, above fifteen years of age under the degree of Knight or Knight’s wife or widow shall pay 10 shillings.  That every person of either sex above the age of 15 of the degree Baronet or Baronet’s wife or widow shall pay twenty shillings. That every person of either sex above the age of 15 years with the degree Baron or Baron’s wife shall pay thirty shillings.  That every person of either sex, under the degree of Viscount or Viscountess or Viscountess Dowager shall pay four pounds. Continues the record under:

Earl or Countess or Countess Dowager shall pay five pounds

Marquess or Marchioness or Marchioness Dowanger shall pay six pounds.

No Gillespie found, but an interesting look at Social classes in that day.

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Many other names provided for Sherriffs and Mayors and recorders in each place and Commissioners. No Gillespie found.

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